The WHO defines FGM as “all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.”
In accordance with Article 6 of the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, Child Marriage refers to any marriage that takes place between two parties, where one or both of them are under the age of 18 years.
Through the sensitization and information campaigns, many former excisers were able to understand and acknowledge the negative implications of FGM. Consequently, supported by their communities, they volunteered and accepted to solemnly put down their knives and other instruments used, and to completely step down from their roles of excisers.
The IAC and its partners No Peace Without Justice (NPWJ) and La Palabre are at the origin of the UN General Assembly Resolution 67/146, supported by the African Union. After two years of advocacy toward African Heads of State, they proposed the Resolution in 2011, which was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 20 December 2012.